The evergreen deodar cedar (Cedrus deodara), a true cedar, grows in the
shape of a pyramid and has drooping branches with soft grayish-green or blue
needles.It makes a graceful accent tree in the landscape and grows rapidly up to
20 to 30 feet wide and 40 to 50 feet tall.Tall, evergreen tree dark-green foliage, forming a typical conical
crown. Branches two types, long shoots bear spirally arranged leaves, dwarf
shoots bear cluster of leaves in pseudowhorls. The dwarf shoots elongate
lightly, adding a new whorl of leaves each year. Flowers monoecious, male and female cones occurring on
Unique identification feature
Deodar is widely regarded as one of the
strongest woods in India and is as important as Teak. Timber is easy to saw. It
is unsuitable for polish or print work as the oil in the wood (especially near
the knots) always oozes through when exposed to direct sunlight and discolours
the coating.It is easy to air-season but shows a little
tendency to surface- cracking and end-splitting if dried too quickly, for this
reason it should be air-seasoned under cover. It can also be kiln-seasoned
easily without degrade. Seasoned heartwood of deodar is very durable and
classified as durable class 1.
The durability of deodar may be due to the
presence of terpenes/resin acids present in the heartwood.
Used primarily in
buildings for beams, door and window frames and shutters and classified under
group 1 timbers. Also used for furniture making and cabinet making to a limited
extent. The thinning poles of deodar are suitable for overhead power and
telecommunication lines. It is also used for making cases and donnage pallets.
<!--[endif]-->Also found suitable for manufacture of high
class pencils, cooling towers, drawing equipments, jute and textile mill
accessories, wooden shingles, railway carriages, model and pattern making, keys
of stairs etc.
Planting and Care
To grow from seed, collect cones from deodar cedars before they turn
brown. Soak them in warm water for two days to loosen the scales. Allow the
cones to dry, then remove the seeds from the scales.The seeds have wings, which you
should remove by rubbing them with a dry cloth. After you've processed the
seeds, store them at 37 to 41 degrees Fahrenheit for two weeks. Sow the seeds 4
to 6 inches deep either in the spring or fall. If the seeds are dried to a
moisture content of less than 10 percent and stored in a sealed container
between 23 and 30 F, they will remain viable for three to six years. A must for cool gardens.
tolerate high as well as low rainfall.
Requires well drained soils.